FRANCHESKA CAMILO

 

Author: Francheska Camilo González
English Version: March 2, 2014

 
The music effects on the human brain
 
 
The central nervous system is formed by two structures known as the brain and the spinal cord. This is protected by bony structures, where the upper part of the nervous system is protected by the skull and the bottom is protected by the spine. The central nervous system is the place where lie the emotional and cognitive development of the individual functions. The brain is the most important organ of the central nervous system, as this has the total control of physiological responses, behavior or behavior and mental processes. This organ intercoms all the time with the spinal cord, which controls reflexes.

 
The brain is the most complex organ of the human nervous system. This body is divided into two hemispheres that have different functions for brain organization. In the brain, the left hemisphere is responsible for the language processing and the right hemisphere is in charge of the perception and processing of music.

 
The majority of brain development occurs during childhood. During the first days of life, human beings have many neurons that than being used and promoted in activities, these can be linked to create brain connections that transmit and store information that will generate some learning that can be used in future. According to Gordon Shaw, of the Irvine University of California, music stimulates the brain patterns in children, causing strengthening of the cortical neurons and the circuits used for mathematics. The musical language must be exposed during the infancy of the human being, because that music promotes greater learning to reasoning, language, mathematics, and the emotional aspect which promotes a better interaction with society.
 
 
The musical language generates an alpha wave or cerebral electrical charge. The "Mozart Effect" and the "Tomatis Effect", are examples of a therapeutic program conducted by Dr. Alfred Tomatis, which use the stimulation of musical pieces by Mozart and other classical pieces as a method of rehabilitation for language and development of speech. Music is used to stimulate and increase the capacity of the memory, concentration, creativity, interaction, development of the senses and muscles, including among other effects that benefit the physical and mental performance of people.

 
The musical language is derived from modern music or from which possess classical pieces. Music can be used for leisure activities and relaxation methods. When someone listen music or a song that is their liking, will get a decrease in the amount of stress and a increase in the blood flow, which is an beneficial result for the human cardiovascular system.



 
REFERENCES:

 
  1. Vázquez, A. & Vázquez, L. (2010). Bases Neurobiológicas de la Conducta Psicológica. 67-68p. El Sistema Nervioso Central. ISBN 978-1-59608-835-1.
  2. Hernández, E. La Música y el Desarrollo Cerebral Infantil. Available: November 29, 2011. http://www.psicologia-online.com/infantil/musica.shtml
  3. Música Prenatal. Descubrimientos científicos. Available: November 29, 2011. http://www.musicaprenatal.com.mx/descubre.html
  4. RENa. Organización funcional del sistema nervioso, Estructura y función del sistema nervioso central. Available: November 29, 2011. http://www.rena.edu.ve/TerceraEtapa/Biologia/organizacionfuncionalsistemacentral.html